Stiffness of the shoulder joint (frozen shoulder syndrome or capsulitis) after breast cancer treatment

After a mastectomy, patients should be assigned an exercise program that increases shoulder mobility and prevents movement restriction in order to prevent the development of lymphoedema. The purpose of these exercises is to restore the normal functions of lifting and […]

Lymphoedema after breast cancer treatment

Lymphoedema results from obstruction of the lymph ducts and veins. Especially often this complication is observed after the treatment of breast cancer by radical surgery in conjunction with radiation therapy (approximately 10% of cases). Other factors contributing to its development […]

Stiffness of the shoulder joint (frozen shoulder syndrome or capsulitis) after breast cancer treatment

After a mastectomy, patients should be assigned an exercise program that increases shoulder mobility and prevents movement restriction in order to prevent the development of lymphoedema. The purpose of these exercises is to restore the normal functions of lifting and […]

Combination of surgical method and radiation therapy in the treatment of early breast cancer

Combination of surgical method and radiation therapy in the treatment of early breast cancer After surgery, the frequency of local recurrences in the chest wall, ipsilateral lymph nodes or in the contralateral mammary gland is 7-30%. It is further increased […]

Screening for breast cancer – methods and their effectiveness

Screening for breast cancer – methods and their effectiveness The general principles of screening studies for cancer are described in a separate article on the website. At first glance, breast cancer may seem to be an ideal object of a […]

Hormonal receptors for breast cancer and their significance

Hormonal receptors for breast cancer and their significance Part of breast tumors consists of cells characterized by the presence of estrogen receptors and other steroid hormones, including a progestogen. These receptors are located both in the nucleus and in the […]