Breast cancer according to statistics is one of the most common types of oncology.according to statistical data, one of the most common types of oncology. Many women suffer from his appearance. Treatment of advanced stages is difficult to transfer not only physically (surgery, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy), but also morally, as often it is necessary to do cardinal operations with the removal of mammary glands. This deprives the woman of her usual appearance and attractiveness.
To avoid such serious consequences, it is best not to treat the disease, but to prevent its appearance. Therefore, close attention should be paid to the prevention of breast cancer. To do this, you need to know the principles of self-examination, the factors contributing to the emergence of oncology, as well as timely medical examination.
In medicine, the prevention of breast cancer is conventionally divided into primary and secondary.
Primary prevention of breast cancer
The primary goal of primary prevention is to prevent the disease by reducing the risks that can affect the degeneration of healthy cells into malignant cells.
Consider the main list of factors that contribute to the development of breast cancer:
frequent abortions, as well as misuse of hormonal contraceptives;
negative impact on the body of carcinogens and adverse environmental conditions;
frequent stressful situations;
late birth (birth of the first child after 30 years);
refusal to breastfeed when taking care of the baby or his short duration (6 months are recommended);
susceptibility to bad habits (smoking, alcohol);
exposure to ionizing radiation cells;
violation of the proper functioning of the endocrine system.
Prevention of breast cancer implies a complete failure or moderate use of hormone replacement therapy for menopause. Violation of this recommendation dramatically increases the likelihood of oncology. To reduce the impact of negative factors, try to adhere to a balanced diet, with enough fruits and vegetables. Maintain normal body weight will help reduce the intake of fatty and fried foods. Together with proper nutrition, an active and athletic lifestyle strengthens the body, making it less vulnerable to oncology.
Prophylaxis of breast cancer also implies regular independent breast examination. It should be done monthly after the end of menstruation. Self-examination consists in the sequential probing of breast tissues for the presence of pathological seals, tubercles, dimples.
Also, signs of oncology may be a change in the color or structure of the skin, asymmetry or changes in the shape of the mammary glands. Isolation from the nipples of a liquid of clear, milky or yellow color, blood should become an occasion for immediate reference to a specialist. In addition, it is necessary to feel the condition of the lymph nodes located in the armpits and in the region of the clavicles. Their increase may indicate the presence of an inflammatory process or other pathology. If any disturbing symptoms have been found, it is better to see a doctor immediately for additional diagnosis.
Secondary prevention of breast cancer
The main goal of secondary prevention is to detect oncology and precancerous diseases (fibroadenoma, mastopathy, etc.) at an early stage of their development. To do this, it is necessary to undergo a full medical examination in a timely manner at least once a year.
In Turkey, women are examined using the latest equipment. This allows to guarantee high accuracy and reliability of diagnostic results.
Diagnostic prevention of breast cancer is carried out by clinics through ultrasound and mammography.
In more complex cases, more accurate magnetic resonance imaging is possible.